Fuel Cell PDF Print E-mail

Fuel cells are to electricity what the chip was for computers. Fuel cells can turn fuel into electricity cleanly and quietly. The technology is ready to go right now. We have to simply make up our minds to ramp up certain areas.

 

Fuel cells don't burn fuel so they have a minimal environmental impact. Fuel cells have no moving parts so they are noiseless and require very little maintenance. Fuel cells can be built in stacks as large or small as needed to allow planners to accurately meet actual power demand.


Fuel cells produce heat as well as electricity making them excellent candidates for generating power and providing heat at office buildings, hospitals, hotels and factories or running electric motors in cars, vans, buses and trucks.


By stacking fuel cells one upon another and electrically connecting them, you can produce from a few kilowatts (kw) to several megawatts (MW) of electricity at a usable voltage. Facilities can add capacity in almost infinite increments as needed.


Technical Information

Several kinds of fuel cells are being developed, each distinguished by the particular type of electrolyte.


Fuel cells are electrochemical electricity generators with three major parts: an anode (negative electrode), an electrolyte (electrically conductive medium) and a cathode (positive electrode). Chemical reactions within the cell produce either hydrogen or oxygen bearing ions at one of the two electrodes. The ions pass through the electrolyte and react with oxygen atoms. The result is direct current (DC) electricity. A conditioner then converts the DC power to alternating current (AC) power for customers' use. Water and heat, the byproducts of the process, can be recycled as steam.

 

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